Vaccinations

Introduction

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual’s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen. Vaccines can prevent or ameliorate morbidity from infection. When a sufficiently large percentage of a population has been vaccinated, this results in herd immunity.

Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or contribute to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

As travelling for work and leisure becomes more common, there is a need to vaccination to protect oneself against the common infectious disease.

Vaccines available in Pinnacle Family Clinic

  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Influenzae
  • Chickenpox
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Tetanus
  • Measles, Mumps & Rubella
  • Cervical Cancer (Gardasil-9)
  • Pneumococcal
  • Rotavirus
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus)
  • 5 IN 1 (DPT, Polio, Hib)
  • 6 IN 1 (DPT, Polio, Hib, Hepatitis B)
  • Yellow Fever
  • Shingles

Recommendations for vaccination

Vaccinations recommendations
Childhood (Birth-2 years old)6 weeks or 2 months6 in 1
Rotavirus
Prevenar 13
Development assessment
4 months6 in 1
Rotavirus
6 months6 in 1
Prevenar 13
Development assessment
7 monthsInfluenzae
8 monthsInfluenzae
12 monthsMMRV (Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella)
Prevenar 13
13 monthsHepatitis A
15 monthsMMRV (Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella)
18 months5 in 1
Developmental assessment
19 monthsHepatitis A
Travelers vaccinesInfluenzae – Yearly
Tetanus – 10 yearly
Typhoid – 3 yearly
Hepatitis A – 2 doses life-time
*vaccine recommendation varies according to place of travel
Cervical cancer vaccinesFrom 14 to 26 years oldCervarix (2 HPV strains) – 3 doses: 0, 2 and 6 months
Gardasil-4 (4 HPV strains) – 3 doses: 0, 2 and 6 months
Gardasil-9 (9 HPV strains) – 3 doses: 0, 2 and 6 months
From 9 to 13 years old Cervarix (2 HPV strains) – 2 doses: 0 and 6 months
Gardasil-4 (4 HPV strains) – 2 doses: 0 and 6 months
Gardasil-9 (9 HPV strains) – 2 doses: 0 and 6 months
Pre-pregnancy vaccinesInfluenzae
Chickenpox – 2 doses 8 weeks apart
Measles, Mumps & Rubella (MMR)
ElderlyInfluenzae - Yearly
Shingles – 10 yearly
PneumoVax-23 – 5 yearly