What is vaccination and why is it important?

Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual’s immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen. Vaccines can prevent or ameliorate morbidity from infection. When a sufficiently large percentage of a population has been vaccinated, this results in herd immunity.

Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or contribute to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

As travelling for work and leisure becomes more common, there is a need for vaccination to protect oneself against the common infectious disease.

Vaccines Available

  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Influenzae
  • Chickenpox
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Tetanus
  • Measles, Mumps & Rubella
  • Cervical Cancer (Gardasil-9)
  • Pneumococcal (Prevenar 13, Pneumovax 23)
  • Rotavirus
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus)
  • 5 IN 1 (DPT, Polio, Hib)
  • 6 IN 1 (DPT, Polio, Hib, Hepatitis B)
  • Yellow Fever
  • Shingles (Zostavax, Shingrix)
  • Covid-19 (Pfizer)

More Information

Recommended vaccinations as per Ministry of Health’s National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS).

Recommended for
MedisaveCommunity Health Assist Scheme (CHAS)
Flu VaccinationAll adults are recommended to take a flu vaccination yearly, especially at-risk individuals with weaker immune systemstick
All adults are recommended to take Covid-19 vaccine to provide acquired immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccination (MMR)Adults who have not received complete vaccination during childhood; school teachers, healthcare workers, unvaccinated women planning to become pregnanttick tick
HPV Bivalent Vaccination (HPV2)This vaccine protects against the development of genital warts, cervical, vaginal, vulva and anal cancers caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in women and is recommended for 9 to 25 year oldstick
HPV 9-valent VaccinationThis vaccine protects against the development of cancers caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and is recommended for both females and males between 9 and 26 years old
Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccination (VAR)Adolescents and adults who have never had chickenpox and were never vaccinated should receive two dosestick tick
Tdap (reduced Diphtheria) BoosterWomen should receive 1 dose during each pregnancytick tick
Hepatitis B Vaccination (Hep B)Adults (18+ y.o.) who have not been previously vaccinated should receive three doses in accordance with Singapore National Adult Immunisation Schedule (NAIS)tick tick
Hepatitis A Vaccination (Hep A)Adults and children who are travelling to high risk countries with inadequate sanitisation, or healthcare or laboratory personnel with Hepatitis A virus exposure risk.
Shingles VaccinationRecommended for older adults, such as those 50 years of age or older who would benefit from immunity to shingles or those with weaker immune systems
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV20)Recommended for elderly aged 65 years and above, and adults with conditions such as heart disease, diabetes or low immunity
Recommended vaccinations as per Ministry of Health’s National Adult Immunisation Schedule (NAIS).

Individuals are recommended to take following vaccines (listed under Adult) to help safeguard from unwanted exposure to infectious diseases:

  • Flu
  • Covid-19
  • Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)
  • Hepatitis B Vaccination (Hep B)
  • Hepatitis A Vaccination (Hep A)
  • Varicella (Chickenpox)
Recommended for
Meningococcal VaccinationCommonly referred to meningitis vaccine. For travel to parts of Africa and Saudi Arabia to immunise against meningococcal disease, meningitis and bloodstream infections. Required vaccination for Hajj or Umrah pilgrimages.
Yellow Fever VaccinationTravellers who are travelling to or transiting through a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission
Tetanus VaccinationPeople who has been in physical contact with soil or manure, and got an open wound or cut in the skin, or those whose tetanus vaccinations are not up-to-date
Typhoid Fever (Salmonella) VaccinationPeople traveling to places where typhoid fever and salmonella is common, such as South Asia, especially India, Pakistan, or Bangladesh